Ways to Disguise Hair LossExperiencing hair loss isn't easy. It may deplete self-esteem and have women not feeling confident about their looks. But there is no need to worry. It is important to know that ANYONE can experience hair loss. Men, women, and children around the world are affected. So you are not alone. There are several treatments and ways to do your hair that can have you feeling confident and ready to slay once again.
Everything You Need to Know About HairHow does hair grow? Your hair begins growing from a root in the bottom of the follicle. The follicle is a sac from which a hair develops and into which the sebaceous (oil) glands open. The follicle lined by cells derived from the epidermal (outside) layer of the skin. The root is made up of cells of protein. Blood from the blood vessels in your scalp feeds the root, which creates more cells and makes your hair grow. The hair gets pushed up through the skin as it grows, passing an oil gland along the way. The oil gland adds oil to the hair and keeps it shiny and soft. It can make it greasy, too. That's why you need to wash your hair. The hair dies by the time it is long enough to poke out through the skin. The hair we see in our head is dead. That's why it doesn't hurt to get a haircut.
Facts about hairHere are some facts about follicles and your hair:
- You are born with all of the follicles you will ever have, about 5 million.
- You have about 100,000 follicles on your scalp, which is the skin on your head.
- Hair grows very fast and male hair grows faster than female hair. The only part of your body that produces faster is bone marrow. The hair on your head grows about 6 inches a year. So, even though it's one of the fastest-growing things on your body, it takes a while to grow it long.
- You lose about 50 to 100 hairs a day. This loss is because the follicles do not grow hair at the same time. Each scalp follicle grows hair for a few years and then takes a break.
- When a follicle is on a break, the hair in the follicle falls out. Because the follicles take breaks at different times and the other hairs keep growing, you probably don't notice when you lose hairs.
- As people age, hair loss starts to happen. This loss occurs more in some than in others. Some people get thinner hair or go bald.
Causes of Hair LossAlthough it is normal to shed a few hairs, pulling out clumps are seeing a significant amount of shedding may not be normal. Here are some conditions that may cause hair loss.
Alopecia AreataAlopecia areata is a common autoimmune skin disease causing hair loss on the scalp, face and sometimes on other areas of the body. It occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, which is where hair growth initiates. Experts do not know why the immune system attacks the follicles. Some symptoms are that large clumps of hair may suddenly fall out for no apparent reason, causing patches of hair loss. Some people may experience hair loss in other parts of the body as well. Although the hair will grow back, continued anxiety and stress can cause the hair loss to continue leading to different patches of hair and baldness. Alopecia areata can cause different types of hair loss. Each of these types has a different name: Alopecia areata which causes hair loss in patches, Alopecia Totalis causes loss of all hair on the scalp and Alopecia Universalis which causes loss of all hair on the body.
Telogen Effluvium (TE)Telogen Effluvium is the second most common form of hair loss. It occurs when there is a change in the number of hair follicles growing hair. The number of hair follicles producing hair will drop, which means an increase in dormant hair follicles, with the result being hair loss. TE can appear as thinning hair with the hair on the top of the scalp thinning more than the sides or back of the scalp. With Telogen Effluvium, a sudden or stressful event can cause individual hair follicles to prematurely stop growing and enter into the telogen (resting) phase. The hairs affected by Telogen Effluvium will then stay in the resting period for about three months after which time they will shed.
Scalp InfectionsThere are several different types of scalp infections that may cause hair loss. The first is ringworm. Ringworm is a fungus which causes itchy, ring-shaped patches on the skin. Tinea capitis is the medical term for a fungal infection of the scalp. Ringworm causes patchy baldness in its victims. It can also cause the hair shaft to become weak and brittle, which results in hair breakage. Once you treat infections, hair grows back. The next is Folliculitis. Folliculitis refers to inflammation of the hair follicles. Some conditions can cause it. It can be mistaken for acne, with inflammation surrounding the infected hair follicles. Folliculitis caused by noninfectious causes such as oil or infectious causes such as an invasion of bacteria and viruses into follicles which have been damaged by friction. And the last is Demodex Folliculorum. Demodex folliculorum is a parasite which causes one of the most common forms of scalp infections, actually an infestation of the scalp. It is especially prevalent in people who suffer from acne or male pattern baldness. The parasite feeds on dead skin and oils, both of which are common with acne and male pattern baldness.
PermsThe main ingredient in perm is known as ammonium thioglycolate. Ammonium thioglycolate contains a lot of free ammonia, which swells hair, making it permeable. Perm causes hair thinning and if accidentally applied to the scalp may cause damage such as burns. Using perms can cause hair loss because of the active chemicals. Other hair loss factors such as excessive heat, lack of protein, hereditary, and hormonal imbalances can cause hair loss as well. Although people believe mainly men experience hair loss, 40 percent of women have hair loss by the time they are age forty. There are a lot more people with this issue than one may think.
Hair Loss PatternsHair loss ranges from normal hair density to a bald crown, which is rare. There is a scale that helps document female pattern baldness. Many people know it as male pattern baldness, but it affects about 30 million American women. Your hair could thin all over, with the most significant loss along the center of the scalp. There are many different ways hair loss can show up on the scalp. Here are some ways it may appear on the scalp:
- Hair falling out in big patches, mainly caused by Alopecia Areata
- Itchy round bald patches, mainly caused by ringworm
- A lot of hair growth before giving birth and hair loss after giving birth, caused by pregnancy
- Thinning hair, caused by birth control pills
- Hair shedding, caused by crash dieting
- Hair breakage, caused by tight braids and cornrows
- Dramatic hair loss, caused by chemotherapy
- Dramatic hair shedding, caused by stress